Rare D Day color film
Tokyo Woes (1945)
Freely downloadable at the Internet Archive, where I first uploaded it. Naval Photographic Center film #4535. National Archives description "1) HA AV PAN Japanese airstrip, bomb craters, smoke.2) AtoA LS American SBD flying over airfield.3) HA AV PAN Over airfield; bomb hits; roads.4) HA AV Harbor; ships at finger piers; buildings; SBD airborne; tracer fire.5) HA AV Plane firing tracers at buildings along harbor; building explodes; PAN to plane firing tracers at ships in harbor.6) HA AV Finger piers along harbor.7) AV Tracers strafing enemy installations in palm grove; PAN to bomb hits in harbor.8) HA AV Bomb hit near finger piers; tracers; PAN to beached AP.9) HA AV Tracer hits along Japanese installations in palm tree area; SBD aircraft making passes over buildings; bomb hits.10) HA AV Tracers firing into coconut palm grove; roadway next to grove; PAN along coastline.11) HA AV Tracers firing at harbor installations; bomb hits; aircraft flying low over land; PAN. G12) HA AV Coconut palm grove; PAN, smoke rising from buildings.13) HA AV Japanese installation in grove of palm trees; bomb hits; PAN, partially submerged transport ship in harbor.14) HA AV CU Bomb hits in palm trees; smoke rising from burning buildings." National Archives Identifier: 77151
The bombing of Dresden in February 1945 has remained one of the more controversial aspects of World War Two. Dresden, a city unaffected by bombing up to that point in the war, lost many thousands of civilians in the firestorm that was created by the Allies. As the Russians advanced to Berlin from the east and the Allies from the west, why was Dresden bombed when it did appear that the war would be ended in the near future? Dresden had been northern Germany's cultural centre -- a city filled with museums and historic buildings. The Zwinger Museum and Palace and the Frauenkirche Cathedral were world famous buildings. From 1939 to the end of 1944, the city had been spared the bombing raids that the Allies had launched on Nazi Germany. By February 1945, the city was filled with refugees -- people moving from east to west in an attempt to escape the advancing Red Army. The Nazi propaganda machine had filled the minds of the Germans with horror stories of what to expect if the Red Army got to Germany. Thousands now fled from this army as it relentlessly advanced to Berlin. No-one knows how many people were in Dresden when the city was bombed. Officially, the city's population was 350,000, but with the number of refugees there, it would have been a lot higher than this. Between February 13th and February 14th 1945, between 35,000 and 135,000 people were killed by Allied bombing in Dresden. Historians still argue over the number of deaths. However, there were so many refugees in the city at the time that the real figure will almost certainly never be known. In all, over three waves of attacks, 3,300 tons of bombs were dropped on the city. Many of the bombs that were dropped were incendiary bombs. These created so much fire that a firestorm developed. The more the city burned, the more oxygen was sucked in -- and the greater the firestorm became. It is thought that the temperature peaked at 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit. The surface of roads melted and fleeing people found that their feet were burned as they ran. Some jumped into reservoirs built in the city centre to assist firefighters. However, these were ten feet deep, smooth-sided and had no ladders - many drowned. Very few of those in the city centre survived.
WWII Okinawa Bulletin Operation N°2
The footage shows the last Japanese resistance on Tinian in the Mariana Island chain