View Full Version : Russian Aircraft Carrier

11-19-2008, 01:57 AM
Admiral Kuznetsov

While designated an aircraft carrier by the West, the design of the Admiral Kuznetsov' class implies a mission different from that of either the United States Navy (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Navy)’s carriers or those of the Royal Navy (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Navy). The term used by her builders to describe the Russian ships is tyazholiy avianesushchiy kreyser (TAKR or TAVKR) - “heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cruiser)” - intended to support and defend strategic missile-carrying submarines, surface ships, and maritime missile-carrying aircraft of the Russian fleet. Russia claims that this designation allows the Soviet/Russian navy to circumvent the Montreux Convention (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montreux_Convention_Regarding_the_Regime_of_the_Tu rkish_Straits), which deals with ships passing the Dardanelles (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dardanelles) and the Bosphorus (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bosphorus) between the Mediterranean (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mediterranean_Sea) and the Black Sea (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Sea).[3] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_aircraft_carrier_Admiral_Kuznetsov#cite_no te-2) However, it is not solely a political designation, as the Soviets intended their carriers to be used differently from Western conceptions of their role.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Ussr_cv.png/180px-Ussr_cv.png (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Ussr_cv.png) http://en.wikipedia.org/skins-1.5/common/images/magnify-clip.png (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Ussr_cv.png)
Deck configuration has three launch positions.

The Admiral Kuznetsov's main fixed-wing aircraft is the multirole Su-33 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Su-33). It can perform air superiority (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_superiority), fleet defense (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fleet_defense&action=edit&redlink=1), and air support (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_support) missions and can also be used for reconnaissance (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surveillance_aircraft) and the searching for naval mines (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_mine).[4] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_aircraft_carrier_Admiral_Kuznetsov#cite_no te-knaapo-3) It is augmented by the twin seat Su-33UB, which is also used for pilot training along with the Su-25UTG (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Su-25UTG). The carrier also carries the Kamov Ka-27 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamov_Ka-27) helicopter for anti-submarine warfare (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-submarine_warfare) and small transport.
For take-off of the fixed wing aircraft, the Admiral Kuznetsov utilizes a ski-jump at the end of its deck. On take-off aircraft accelerate toward and up the ski-jump using their afterburners (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afterburner). This results in the aircraft leaving the deck at a higher angle and elevation than on an aircraft carrier with a flat deck and catapults. The ski-jump take-off is less demanding on the pilot, since the acceleration is lower, but on the other hand results in a clearance speed of only 120-140 km/h requiring an aircraft design which will not stall at those speeds.[5] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_aircraft_carrier_Admiral_Kuznetsov#cite_no te-4)
The cruiser role is facilitated by the Kuznetsov's complement of 12 long-range surface-to-surface anti-ship Granit (SS-N-19) cruise missiles. This armament justifies the ship's type designator "heavy aircraft carrying cruiser".